John Mulford "Kid" RAYMOND[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]

Male 1847 - 1941  (93 years)

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  • Name John Mulford "Kid" RAYMOND 
    Birth 9 Aug 1847  Wabash, Wabash County, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Reference Number
    _UID 07A7FB7C4C2FCB4A9654461E4A2B39F0A19D 
    Death 2 Feb 1941  St. Cloud, Osceola County, Florida Find all individuals with events at this location  [11, 12, 13
    Burial Mount Peace Cemetery Find all individuals with events at this location  [14, 15
    Person ID I10  My Genealogy
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2022 

    Father Oliver RAYMOND,   b. 7 Apr 1799, Montville, New London, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 5 Feb 1861, White Pigeon, St. Joseph County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 61 years) 
    Mother Eunice Bates ELLIOTT,   b. 20 May 1808, Franklin, Delaware County, New York Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 27 Dec 1859, White Pigeon, St. Joseph County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 51 years) 
    Marriage 21 Dec 1828  New York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID B3E410083135C145ACC0B15C60120BB7C873 
    Family ID F15  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Marguerite May "Maggie" SAUNDERS,   b. 28 Feb 1856, White Pigeon, St. Joseph County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 1 Sep 1941, Kalamazoo, Kalamazoo County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 85 years)  [16, 17
    Marriage 4 Mar 1875  White Pigeon, St. Joseph County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Divorce 26 Jun 1896 
    _UID 3D7F69746A058443BE6FDFE13246B703EE38 
     1. Hattie May RAYMOND,   b. 26 Apr 1876, White Pigeon, St. Joseph County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 28 Jul 1943, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 67 years)
     2. Alma Ellen RAYMOND,   b. 18 Nov 1884, White Pigeon, St. Joseph County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 8 Jul 1918, Oakland, Alameda County, California Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 33 years)
     3. John LeRoy "Jack" RAYMOND,   b. 31 Jan 1889, Three Rivers, St. Joseph County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 8 Apr 1959, West Melbourne, Brevard County, Florida Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 70 years)
    Family ID F10  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 1 Apr 2023 

    Family 2 Emma Eulalie CLARK,   b. 5 Jan 1873, Jacksonville, Morgan County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 7 May 1960, St. Cloud, Osceola County, Florida Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 87 years)  [18
    Marriage 21 Dec 1912  Chicago, Cook County, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID 3D4558DB7A052C42B37DA86AF84F5B991FE4 
    Family ID F14  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 1 Apr 2023 

  • Notes 
      by Raymond B. Howard
      My great-grandfather John Mulford "Kid" Raymond was the youngest of seven children, born to Oliver Raymond and Eunice Bates Elliott on 9 Aug 1847 in Wabash, Indiana. Before John was two years old, Oliver left to pursue the California Gold Rush of 1849, leaving his family at the home of his brother-in-law Dr. William N. Elliott, a physician and surgeon, in White Pigeon, Michigan.
      Eunice died in 1859 at the age of 51. Perhaps learning the news, Oliver returned from California the following year. He stayed on at Dr. Elliott's home until he also died a year later, at the age of 61. Thus both of John's parents had died before his 14th birthday.
      Shortly thereafter, the Civil War broke out. So on 5 Dec 1861, at the age of 14, John Mulford Raymond enlisted as Drummer Boy in Company H, 11th Regiment, Michigan Volunteer Infantry, under Col. William L. Stoughton. It was likely at this time that he acquired his nickname, "Kid". His uncle Dr. Elliott also enlisted as 1st Surgeon for the regiment.
      While on duty in Bardstown, Kentucky, John became sick and was sent to the hospital on 25 April 1862 for "debility". An affidavit from years later (by Alexander Ennis who served with him) states knowledge that John had contracted black measles, then typhoid fever. The regiment left Bardstown and marched south, leaving John in the hospital to recuperate. When he was deemed well enough, he was sent south with an artillery battery to catch up with his regiment. The marching was very hard on him, so he was permitted by the artillerymen to ride on the caissons. He arrived at the Atlanta front, by which time he was afflicted with scurvy, which damaged his teeth. In Chattanooga, Tennessee on 5 December 1864, he was honorably discharged, and returned to White Pigeon.
      After the war, John worked at a brickyard east of the village, which he later owned. At the time of the 1870 Census, John was living in White Pigeon as a boarder with Daniel Massey, also a brickmaker.
      On March 4 1875, John Mulford Raymond married Marguerite May Saunders of White Pigeon. He was 27 years old, she was 19. The next year their first daughter Hattie May was born. The 1880 Census shows the three of them living together in White Pigeon. Their second daughter Alma Ellen was born in 1884.
      In 1886, the "Genealogies of the Raymond Families of New England" was published, compiled by Samuel Raymond of Brooklyn, NY. On page 98, John Mulford Raymond is listed as number 477 in the line of Richard Raymond, immigrant ancestor who came from England in the early 1600s. From the author, John acquired two copies of the book. He dedicated one copy to his daughter Hattie May. In 1889, John Leroy "Jack" Raymond (my grandfather) was born. He later acquired the copy of the book that had been given to Hattie May. That copy is now in possession of my cousin Jack Raymond of Orlando. John Mulford Raymond apparently kept the other copy until his death. I eventually discovered scanned pages of that copy on the Internet, was able to track down the owner and am now in possession of that copy.
      In 1887, John Mulford Raymond filed his first claim for a disability pension, which states he had contracted black measles, typhoid fever, and varicose veins while in the service. His service comrades, friends, and father-in-law James Saunders all filed affidavits testifying to his disabilities. He was first approved for an $8 per month pension, soon after raised to $10. John applied for and received many pension increases throughout his life. (His pension records contain over 300 pages!)
      In 1892, John moved to Chicago, apparently separating from Marguerite at that time. His first cousins Albert and George Raymond were partners there, of the firm Raymond Brothers Impact Pulverizing Co., manufacturers of grinding mills. Almost certainly John knew them, and perhaps worked with them for a time.
      In 1896, John divorced Marguerite. The divorce decree stated that she had deserted him without good cause two years prior, and that John would keep custody of the two minor children Alma and John. (However, in the 1900 census, Marguerite appeared to have custody of Alma and John in a Chicago apartment.) In a deposition from 1928, John stated that his first marriage was "a failure... she got sick of me". By the time of the divorce, daughter Hattie had married Ben Atwell, a Chicago newspaper reporter. By about 1905, daughter Alma Ellen had also married to Roger Coit of Chicago, and moved with him first to San Francisco, then to Oakland, California after the 1906 earthquake. Son Jack was said to have sold newspapers as a boy in Chicago. He later lived in Oakland briefly, with his sister Alma, before joining the U.S. Navy. After four years in the Navy, Jack removed to Brevard County, Florida to live with his mother Marguerite, who had remarried to John S. "Captain" Sammis and lived in Melbourne.
      In Chicago, John Mulford Raymond worked as a streetcar conductor. He underwent medical exams between 1900-1906 to determine whether he was totally disabled, but was denied a total disabilty pension. In 1904, John applied for and became a member of the Sons of the American Revolution, claiming his great-grandfather John who was a Lieutenant. The 1910 census shows him living alone at 733 West 21st Place, where he resided for many years.
      On 12 Dec 1912, John remarried to Emma Weeks, a widow, whose maiden name was Clark. He was then 65, she was 39. Emma's father Charles Clark had been a Union soldier. They were married at her parents' home in Chicago, then lived together at John's residence. The following year his son Jack also married, to Lula Eugenia Williams of City Point, Florida, where they resided for several years (thru the 1920 census) near the home of her father, Hubbard Williams. They later moved to Melbourne, into the house owned by his mother Marguerite, and raised their family there. (Capt. Sammis had died in 1914.) Marguerite later moved back to the White Pigeon area, where she spent her final years. Hattie and Benjamin apparently divorced before 1920, and Hattie remarried to Charles J. Machacek as his third wife. They resided in Chicago.
      Through the years John Mulford Raymond continued as a "drummer boy", becoming a National Drum Major and Chief Bugler for the Association of Civil War Musicians, performing in street parades. Postcards and envelopes were printed with photographs of John in his Civil War uniform with drum and bugle, comparing his appearance in 1861 and in 1912, "50 years later". Several of these were sent to me by the Dept. of Veteran Affairs along with the pension file. In addition to his drum and bugle, he owned and played many other musical instruments. A photo captioned "Kid Raymond's Musical Collection, Chicago", shows John pictured with drums, bugles, trumpets, violins, viola and piano.
      By the 1920's, John's memory began to fail him; in November 1922 he was forced to give up his job as streetcar conductor because he "could no longer remember the names of the streets". In April 1923 he and Emma, along with Emma's parents, removed to St. Cloud, Florida, known as "The Soldier City", a haven for retired Union soldiers.
      In St. Cloud, Emma took over management of most of John's affairs. She wrote letters to the Pension Board, and to her Congressman in 1928, trying to get pension increases for a full-time attendant for John. The Congressman, named Sears, intervened on their behalf, and a special examination and depositions were ordered. A pension increase to $72 was approved. In 1938, Emma sought another increase, and with the help of a doctor's affidavit succeeded in having John's pension raised to $100 per month.
      On February 2, 1941 John Mulford Raymond died at the age of 94, and was buried in Mt. Peace Cemetery at St. Cloud. He had been sick with the flu for 4 days prior to his death. His obit stated he was one of the last three members of the G.A.R. still living at St. Cloud.
      After John's death, Emma remained in St. Cloud. She tried to secure her widow's pension, but encountered difficulty and delay due to having married John so late in his life. In 1945, with the help of Senator Francis Maloney who legislated on her behalf, she finally secured a pension of $40 per month. She lived on until May 7 1960, dying in St. Cloud at the age of 87.
      John Mulford Raymond stood 5'9", weighed 145 pounds, had grey eyes, light hair and complexion.

  • Sources 
    1. [S40] RG-DRR, number 1067.
      1067. JOHN MULFORD RAYMOND (Oliver), married 4 March 1875 Maggie May Saunders. [Raymond Gen., 98, 99]
      At age fourteen, he enlisted as drummer boy in Co. H , 11th Regt. Mich. Volunteer Infantry. Served three years; honorably discharged 5 December 1864. In 1866 he commenced manufacture of bricks at White Pigeon, Mich. [Raymond Gen., 98, 99]
      Children of John M. and Maggie M. (Saunders) Raymond: [Raymond Gen., 98, 99]
      i. Hattie, born 26 April 1876.
      ii. Alma Ellen, born 18 November 1884.

    2. [S41] GRFNE line of Richard Raymond, number 477.
      "At the age of 14 years he enlisted as Drummer boy in Co. H, 11th Regt., Michigan Vol. Infantry; served 3 years in the army, and honorably discharged Dec. 5, 1864. In 1866 he commenced manufacturing brick at White Pigeon, which he still follows."
      [Raymond B. Howard notes: John is also named in the "List of Subscribers" section (page 294), which shows that he had pre-ordered two copies. My mother remembered reading one of those as a young girl. That copy was eventually passed down to my cousin Jack T. Raymond. On Oct 1994 Florida trip, he let me examine it, and photocopied some pages for me. An inscription is penned on the inside front cover page: "Presented to Hattie May Raymond By her Father John Mulford Raymond 98-477 Feb. 10th 1887." Below that is written: "Now Property of John LeRoy Raymond Born 1989 - Jany. 31 - at Three Rivers Michigan." (note incorrect century). On page 98 under the entry for John Mulford Raymond, the birth years for his daughters have odd scribblings and numbers added. Hattie May probably gave the book to her younger brother because she had no children, and he had many.
      For years, the whereabouts of John Mulford Raymond's other copy were unknown to me. I suspected it had been given to the other daughter Alma Ellen and passed down to the Coit family, but none of them knew anything about it. Then in 2010, I was amazed to come upon a web page with images from GRFNE, with the inside front cover inscribed "John M. Raymond". Naturally I inquired. The images were posted by Barbara (McFadden) Dodge of Hollywood, Florida, whose father Raymond Iszard McFadden had purchased the book at a Florida garage sale for $10. Barbara in turn had passed it on to one Bill Raymond, who as it turned out has no known connection to the New England Raymond lines. In Nov 2010, I gladly purchased the book from Bill for $25.
      The book is in poor condition, with many loose pages and the "Raymonds in History" section missing. The inside cover is inscribed "John M. Raymond" with his various addresses. On page 98, the entry 477 for John has added note: "John Leroy, b. Jan.31.1889". Another note sideways in the margin: "Married Emma E. Weeks Dec 21st 1912". At bottom of page: "John M. passed on Feb. 9 1941 at St Cloud Fla leaving a widow Emma E. Raymond". Emma probably kept the book in her possession until she passed away in 1960, then it got passed around for 50 years until it came to me.]

    3. [S11] U. S. Census records.
      1870 age 23 at White Pigeon, St. Joseph, MI with Daniel Massey and family. Brick maker.
      1880 age 33 at White Pigeon, MI w Maggie, c Hattie M, boarder Charles Bachman, Laura Freeman. Farmer.
      1910 age 62 divorced at 733 W. 21st Place, Chicago, IL. Streetcar conductor.
      1920 age 72 at Chicago, IL w Emma. City railway conductor.
      1930 age 82 at 201 Ohio Avenue, St. Cloud, Osceola, Florida w Emma, mil Elenore E Clark widow. Owned his home worth $2,500, had radio set, veteran of Civil War.

    4. [S42] Chicago City Directory from 1895 thru 1923.
      Shows following addresses: In 1895, at 1430 Park Ave. In 1898, at 832 S. Halsted. In 1900, at 27 W. 21st Place. In 1910, at 733 W. 21st Place. In 1923, at 2648 S. Keeler Ave.

    5. [S43] Ancestral File (LDS), number 19JB-1C4.

    6. [S44] U.S. Veteran's Pension File, no. 2,571,910, claim 490462.
      Received file containing 295 pages! (and a bill for $29.25), which included numerous medical forms, affidavits of service comrades and friends testifying to his disabilities, surgeon reports, depositions, Decree of Divorce from his first wife Marguerite, Marriage License with second wife Emma, death certificates, letters written by him and Emma, and letters written on their behalf by U.S. Congressmen and Senators.
      Also received later: original postcards and envelope that he had printed with photos comparing himself as he was in 1865 and 1917, in uniform with drum and bugle. Also a postcard of his wedding to second wife Emma.

    7. [S45] Atlas for 1872, St. Joseph County, Michigan.
      Shows "Brick Yard (Raymond & Elliott)" in White Pigeon Twp, section 10. In May 2001, my mom and I tried to find the property, but the roads are now gone. In 1893 atlas listed Raymond, J. M. as owner of property in White Pigeon Twp section 10 (east of Crooked Creek Road, south of RR) Also 1897, 1907. By 1930 the property belonged to Oscar Clouse.

    8. [S46] Betty Jane Carey of Altamonte Springs, Florida contacted Sep 2008.
      Betty inherited some items that were passed on to her by Lexie Gould, a friend to John and Emma Raymond who lived with them in St. Cloud. She sent them on to me: a fife, whistle, belts, photo, newspaper articles, obits.

    9. [S5204] U.S., Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970.
      John applied for membership through the Illinois Society, 10 March 1904, claiming descent of John Raymond (RG-DRR number 124). His certificate of membership was delivered 15 April 1904.
      "John Raymond was 2nd Lieutenant 5th Company 6th Regiment (Col. Parsons) Connecticut Inf, raised in April - May 1775 - at first call of troops - he was credited to New London Conn - He was Commissioned May 1st 1775 Discharged December 17th 1775 - was at Battle of Bunker Hill - see pg 74 Connecticut men in Revolution. He also appears on page 614 as Lieut of Militia under Gen Spencer - 1776 - 77 & 78 - See also History of Montville Conn. and New London Conn."

    10. [S6106] Illustrated Roster of the Department of Illinois Grand Army of the Republic, compiled by Wm. C. Shaw, (1914).
      John M. Raymond, Geo. H. Thomas Post No. 5, Chicago. Born 1847 Wabash, Ind. Enlisted as Priv. Dec 5, 1861, in Co. H, 11th Regt, Mich. V. I., and detailed at once as Drummer. Mustered out therefrom Dec 5, 1864. Was with my Regt. in campaign after John Morgan, and was a good part of our service spent in front of Atlanta. At present Chief Bugler and Nat. Drum Major of the Association of Civil War Musicians.

    11. [S38] No record of will or probate appears in Osceola Co., FL records.

    12. [S20] Florida Death Index.

    13. [S39] Obit in St. Cloud newspaper, Feb 1941.
      John M. Raymond, One of Three Last Grand Army Survivors Here, Goes to Join Comrades in Eternity
      Comrade John M. Raymond, 94-year-old National Drum Major of the Grand Army of the Republic, who led the fast thinning ranks of Civil War veterans in all national conventions in the United States, died at his home here, Ohio avenue and Lakeshore Boulevard, on Sunday evening, following many months illness.
      He was one of three surviving members of the Florida Department of the G.A.R. residing in St. Cloud, the Soldier City, which was founded in 1906 by Union veterans of the War Between the States. Other members of the Florida Department G.A.R. in St. Cloud are Geo. M. Fell and Mr. Russell. John Conrad, of the Ohio G.A.R. is a resident here each season.
      A nationally known figure in all G.A.R. conventions, until failing health curtailed his activities a little over two years ago, Comrade Raymond was elected lifetime drum major of the famous National Association of Civil War Musicians, once composed of 1100 members.
      Enlisting as a drummer boy at the age of 14, at the first call for volunteers in 1861, he served for the duration of the war in the 11th Michigan Volunteers Infantry. During his time in the Army he was confined in the hospital for five months.
      Mr. and Mrs. Raymond were united in marriage in Chicago and came to St. Cloud eighteen years ago. He was born in Wabash, Ind. Aug. 9, 1847. Mr. Raymond's record as a citizen and as a soldier has been a distinguished one. Survivors include his widow, Mrs. Emma Raymond of St. Cloud; one son, John L. Raymond of Melbourne, Fla.; and one daughter, Mrs. Hattie M. Machacek, of Chicago, Ill.
      Funeral services will be conducted at the Eiselstein-Wigginton Chapel on Sunday afternoon at 8 o'clock, Elder O. Montgomery and Elder C. F. McVagh officiating. There will be special music by Glenn Ray.
      A military service will be conducted by the local USWV Camp with interment in Mt. Peace Cemetery. Pall bearers, J. J. Griffin, Jr., B. L. Steen, Leroy VanDenbergh, J. J. Johnston, J. L. Lindholm and Wm. C. Ware.
      Mr. Raymond served two terms as commander of the local post and was a well-known entertainer for all GAR and patriotic programs. For years he played for old fashioned dances and tourist club programs. He had been in failing health for the past couple of years and had been confined in bed for the past several months.
      "St. Cloud has once again lost one of its valued citizens."

    14. [S5] Raymond B. Howard.
      On Apr 1993 Florida trip, obtained copy of Record of Vital Stats and Casket Record from Fisk Funeral Home, St. Cloud, FL. (Still owed $25 on casket! My mother offered to pay them, but they waved her off.) Visited and photographed grave. Buried with 2nd wife Emma, whose parents (Clark) are buried in the same block. Inscription on stone appears:
      EMMA E. JOHN M.
      JAN. 5, 1873 AUG. 9, 1847
      MAY 7, 1960 FEB. 2, 1941
      CO. H. 11TH REGT.
      MICH. V.I.

    15. [S211] entry.
      Co. H-11th Regt.- Mich V.I.

    16. [S2882] In St Joseph County Marriage Index: E-152.
      J. Mulford Raymond to Maggie Sanders. Witnesses, Wm. A. Elliott, M. Stoll. Minister, E. R. Willard.

    17. [S2883] Copy of Divorce Decree found in JMR's Veteran Pension file.

    18. [S2887] Marriage license found in JMR's Veteran's Pension file.